alias Robert Shurtliff
In 1782, Deborah Sampson put on male clothing, adopted the name Robert Shurtliff and enlisted in the 4th Massachusetts Regiment for a term of three years. She was five feet, seven inches tall, 22 years of age and the first woman known to enlist as a soldier in the American Army.
Sampson was wounded in her left thigh during the Battle of Tarrytown in New York. To keep her secret safe, she treated herself, but later she developed a fever and was sent to a hospital where a doctor discovered her gender. He told no one, but requested a medical discharge for her.